Fire Search and Rescue

Aims of the Course

The Fire Search and Rescue Module provides the student with the necessary insight, theoretical knowledge and technical skills needed to function as a member of a search and rescue team within the firefighting environment.

Course Duration

This Fire Search and Rescue module should provide the student with the necessary knowledge and skills that will act as a foundation for search and rescue operations that you may be required to perform. After completion of this Rescue Course, students may advance to Fire Search and Rescue II. The course will take between 2 to 3 weeks to complete, detailed course content and schedule will be provided to student. The course will include theory in a classroom setting and practical session which will be will be done within and outside the college premises.

Course Description 

 A firefighter is a rescuer extensively trained in firefighting, primarily to extinguish hazardous fires that threaten property and civilian or natural populations, and to rescue people from dangerous situations, like collapsed or burning buildings or crashed vehicles. In some countries they are also trained in Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and operate ambulances in addition to being a firefighter.

The complexity of modern industrialized life with a greater prominence of hazards has created an increase in the skills needed in firefighting and a broadening of the firefighter-rescuer's remit. The fire service, or fire and rescue service, also known in some countries as the fire brigade or fire department, is one of the three main emergency services.

Firefighting and firefighters have become ubiquitous around the world, from wilderness to urban areas, and aboard ships. In recent decades it has become the preferred term, replacing fireman, since more women serve as firefighters, and also because the term fireman can have other meanings, including someone who sets, stokes, or tends fires, especially in designated fireplaces the opposite of the firefighting role.

Firefighters work closely with other emergency response agencies, most particularly local and state police departments. As every fire scene is technically a crime scene until deemed otherwise by a qualified investigator, there is often overlap between the responsibilities of responding firefighters and police officers such as evidence and scene protection, initial observations of first respondents, and chain of evidence issues. The increasing role of firefighters in providing emergency medical services also brings firefighters into common overlap with law enforcement.

Fire fighting has some basic skills: prevention, self-preservation, rescue, preservation of property, basic first aid and fire control. Firefighting is further broken down into skills which include size-up, extinguishing, ventilation, salvage and overhaul. Wilderness area firefighting includes size up, containment, extinguishment, and mop up. Search and Rescue, which has already been mentioned, is performed early in any fire scenario and many times is in unison with extinguishing and ventilation.